Diabetes and it’s effect on Eye Health
Diabetes and Eye Health

A diagnosis of diabetes doesn't just affect blood sugar levels and insulin production - it can also affect eye health and vision. The effects of vision loss from diabetes may be temporary or can become severe and irreversible. Proper diagnosis and treatment can be the difference in protecting your eyes and keeping your vision strong.

Diabetes can cause fluid to leak in the lens of the eye, causing blurred vision. Most often when blood sugar levels return to normal, blurred vision will subside in 6-8 weeks. However, sometimes the effects of diabetes on the eye cause a deeper issue in the inner eye such as Diabetic Retinopathy and chronic Macular Edema.

Diabetic Retinopathy

In patients who experience Hyperglycemia, high blood sugar levels can damage the blood vessels in the retina that become swollen. Although early symptoms like microaneurysms are not always noticeable, late-stage symptoms of diabetic retinopathy include blurred vision, distortion, and 'floaters' and drastically impact vision. This is the most common eye condition in patients with diabetes and is the leading cause of blindness and vision loss in middle age adults.

Diabetic Macular Edema (DME)

When swollen blood vessels in the retina begin to leak, fluid builds up in the macula of the retina. This can be compounded by hypertension, hypoalbuminemia, and hyperlipidemia. Diabetic macular edema can only be developed when diabetic retinopathy is already present - both conditions sharing many of the same symptoms, such as floaters and blurry vision. It can permanently damage the retina and cause irreversible vision loss.

 

If you have diabetes, it is recommended to check in with your eye doctor at least once a year to maintain proper eye health. A healthy lifestyle can help prevent the development of both diabetic retinopathy and DME. Immediately contact an eye doctor if you feel you are experiencing vision impairment or symptoms of eye infection. 

Innovision Eye Care in Katy, Texas is proud to be an Optometrist that handles eye conditions and vision symptoms arising from Diabetes. For more information or to schedule an eye exam in with Dr. Sanwari, please call our office at (281) 747-1232 - Insurance not required.

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