Eye Health – Color Blindness in Children

Eye Health – Color Blindness in Children

Eye Health - Color Blindness in Children

Did you know that color blindness affects boys at a much higher frequency than girls?

This is because the genetic marker responsible for color blindness is found in the X chromosome. Since girls have two, the second chromosome almost always compensates for the other - because boys only have one X chromosome it is impossible for them to compensate. This is why it is much more commonplace for boys to be color blind. But this only impacts people born color blind. Developed color blindness can affect both men and women equally.

Did you know that people with developed color blindness can still dream in color?

Visual dreaming is possible for developed color blindness because the individual can recall the colors they no longer see. It is said that this can become harder to do as time goes on.


Genetic Color Blindness

Color blindness is most commonly inherited genetically from one of the parents and results in a child being color blind from birth.

This defect in the X chromosome affects how any number of the retinal cones within the eye respond to light. An inability to discern green from red is the most common form of color blindness. Sometimes people experienced Blue/Yellow color blindness.

In very rare cases complete color blindness can occur.

 


Developed Color Blindness

People can become color blind later in life when the optic nerve or retina are damaged by disease or chronic illness such as glaucoma, diabetes, or macular degeneration (AMD). Leukemia, multiple sclerosis, and sickle cell anemia can also lead to developed color blindness in children.


Identifying Color Blindness

Color Blindness can usually be self identified and confirmed with a simple color test that can be administered anywhere. If you would like to test yourself or someone in your family for Color Blindness, Enchroma provides a test for all three types of color blindness on their website - Available here.

Take steps to protect your kids eye health,
schedule them an appointment for an eye examination.

For more information or to schedule an eye exam in with Dr. Sanwari, please call our office at (281) 747-1232.


August was declared Children's Eye Health & Safety Month by Prevent Blindness Texas in 2014. This sight-saving program uses a network of offices and volunteers to promote vision care and share information on eye health and safety in an effort to eliminate preventable blindness throughout Texas. For more information or to make a contribution to their cause, visit their Official Website or call 1-888-98-SIGHT.

Treating Sports Related Eye Injuries

Sports-related Eye Injuries in Children

An accident or injury can happen at any time in every sport available to your children. There are nearly 50,000 reports of sports related eye injuries each year, which can scare a lot of parents out of wanting their kids to play. It's important to understand that although the risk of eye injury is higher during sports activities, these injuries can happen anywhere.

While you can't prevent every eye injury your children may encounter, there are things you can do to minimize the risks to your family.


High Risk Sports

Not every sport has the same risk of eye injury.

Contact sports such as wrestling, martial arts, and boxing have the largest risk of injury due to the minimal protection equipment and nature of the activity. A child may be poked or punched in the eye during these high risk activities.

Sports that involve flying objects such as basketball, baseball, and water polo have their risks of eye injury.

Basketball, baseball and softball are actually the leading causes of sports injuries to the eye for children - with the high risk of being hit in the face, damaging the eye or area around it.


Treating Sports-related Eye Injuries

Eye injuries during sports are usually blunt force - sometimes causing no damage, or something minimal like a black eye. More extreme injuries can result in bleeding in or around the eye - or possibly a break or fracture to bone beneath the eyeball known as an Orbital Blowout Fracture. In rare cases, blunt trauma can cause a detached retina or lacerations risking vision loss.

A penetrating injury is especially dangerous for vision and you should have a child's eyes examined if something enters an eye - not all bleeding is visible and these injuries are at the highest risk of permanent damage and infection. An eye infection is always a possibility after an eye injury occurs.

Treating Eye Injuries in Children - Innovision Eye Clinic, Katy TexasHow can you prevent injuries?

A great majority of sports related injuries can be prevented with safety equipment and awareness. Most sport activities have established recommendations for protective eye wear. You can always invest in a protective pair of sports glasses or goggles as an additional safety measure for your children.

It's important to consider the risk of eye injuries for children who participate in high risk sports with an existing vision issue. We recommend having a vision test and eye exam before signing your children up for sports.

Take steps to protect your kids eye health,
schedule them an appointment for an eye examination.

For more information or to schedule an eye exam in with Dr. Sanwari, please call our office at (281) 747-1232.


August was declared Children's Eye Health & Safety Month by Prevent Blindness Texas in 2014. This sight-saving program uses a network of offices and volunteers to promote vision care and share information on eye health and safety in an effort to eliminate preventable blindness throughout Texas. For more information or to make a contribution to their cause, visit their Official Website or call 1-888-98-SIGHT.

How Eyes Develop Throughout Childhood

Long before babies learn to reach and grab objects with their hands, they learn to recognize what they can see around them. A newborn’s vision is not quite as sharp as an adult’s, but with proper care and attention a child’s eyes will develop properly. Poor vision can play a detrimental role in the way a child learns and grows, taking special care to ensure the health of your child's eyes will shape their future as adults.

How Eyes Develop Throughout Childhood

The First Year: The eyes begin to develop quickly from the moment they open the first time. High contrast images like black and white picture books will not only entertain a newborn but help build the muscles in their eyes. Hand eye coordination will improve as eye muscles improve. By three months, most children can follow objects with their eyes and will reach for items nearby. Around five to eight months children will begin to crawl, with strengthened eye muscles and nerves there to guide them to the next goal. When a child reaches their first birthday, they have the eye coordination to judge distances, throw objects and pull themselves to a standing position.

Between one to two years of age, the development of the eyes is almost finished. A child should have good depth perception and hand-eye coordination by their second birthday. At two, vision is so developed that your child should be highly interested in their environment, from coloring, exploring outside or reading books with you.

These are extremely vital times in your child’s eye care. An eye exam to ensure their vision is developing properly is highly recommended. Every child is unique and will develop in their own way. It’s best to get your child’s vision tested with a comprehensive evaluation.

Helping With Development

You can help your child’s eyes grow stronger by participating in age appropriate activities that will feed their minds and bring you closer. Talk to your babies and make eye contact with them when you do. Incorporate high contrast toys or books into your conversations with newborns to help stimulate their vision. As hand-eye coordination sharpens, more stimulating toys and activities are recommended. Reading to your child and with your child will strengthen their eye muscles and nourish their brain.

Regular Eye Exams

A child’s first eye exam should be scheduled at around 6 months of age. A child’s vision should be checked for normal development around their third birthday and before they begin any preschool or kindergarten activities. This is because you want to ensure your kid’s eye health is what it needs to be in order to learn new skills like drawing, reading and writing.

If you believe your child is struggling with their vision, schedule an appointment to have their vision evaluated by an optometrist or ophthalmologist right away, regardless of age. Children frequently don’t understand the strain that their eyes are under, so it falls to parents to have their child’s eyes examined for problems routinely, well into their teens, so they can go into the world ready to succeed.

There are some things to look for as a parent that could indicate vision problems or potential eye diseases. Most kid’s eyes grow normally, but anomalies do exist.

  • An eye turning in or out occasionally is common in babies two months and under. Constant eye turn beyond this age could be a sign of poor muscle control.
  • Excessive tearing could mean the ducts in your infant’s eyes are blocked and not allowing proper flow.
  • Red eyes with or without lid crusting could indicate an eye infection.
  • Complains of headaches could indicate focusing issues.
  • Excessive blinking or eye blinking could indicate poor vision or allergies.

Serious conditions like problems in muscle control or eye diseases and cancers rely on early diagnosis for treatment. Commit to setting an eye exam schedule to maintain the health of your child’s eyes. Please feel free to give us a call if you are concerned about any signs of vision problems in your children.

Take steps to protect your kids eye health,
schedule them an appointment for an eye examination.

For more information or to schedule an eye exam in with Dr. Sanwari, please call our office at (281) 747-1232.

 


August was declared Children's Eye Health & Safety Month by Prevent Blindness Texas in 2014. This sight-saving program uses a network of offices and volunteers to promote vision care and share information on eye health and safety in an effort to eliminate preventable blindness throughout Texas. For more information or to make a contribution to their cause, visit their Official Website or call 1-888-98-SIGHT.

Signs of Vision Problems in Children

Parents need to know - Signs of Vision Problems in Children

Once school begins, a child’s eyes are subjected to a multitude of stimulants and stressors. Things like reading the boards, working on computers, taking notes and reading course books all take their toll on developing vision. When vision problems go untreated, students grades typically drop as a direct result. The eyes, like any other organ in the body, can develop improperly, contract diseases or develop lifelong conditions.

Be proactive through annual Eye exams!

It is recommended that parents have their child’s vision fully evaluated before each school year begins to test their visual acuity and eye health. Scheduling routine eye examinations before and during their school years will put their best interests first and foremost.

Signs and Symptoms of Vision problems

Vision problems are not uncommon in school-age kids. Approximately one in four children have vision problems that can affect their ability to learn in school. Your child needs the visual acuity to see the board and the eye focus to accurately distinguish people and objects from a range. Without these skills, your child’s learning will not only suffer but they could endanger themselves if they cannot see properly.

Other side effects of untreated vision problems include problems with hand-eye coordination, reading and writing. Kids are very susceptible to refractive errors, a direct cause of blurry and distorted vision. Children often must rely on parents or teachers to identify the symptoms of refractive errors:

  • Squinting or tilting to see better
  • Frequently rubbing eyes
  • Sitting too close to the TV in order to see
  • Holding reading material too close to the face
  • Light sensitivity
  • Excessive tearing
  • Avoiding activities that require clear vision such as reading, homework or recreational activities and sports that rely on accurate depth perception
  • Complaints of headaches or tired eyes
  • Avoiding computer screens or phone screens

If your child or student exhibits any of these symptoms, it’s time for them to see an optometrist or ophthalmologist. A visit to the doctor can accurately determine the cause of a child’s symptoms. A child may have myopia (nearsightedness), hyperopia (farsightedness) or astigmatism. These common vision errors are easily corrected with prescribed glasses or contact lenses.

Take steps to protect your kids eye health,
schedule them an appointment for an eye examination.

For more information or to schedule an eye exam in with Dr. Sanwari, please call our office at (281) 747-1232.

 


August was declared Children's Eye Health & Safety Month by Prevent Blindness Texas in 2014. This sight-saving program uses a network of offices and volunteers to promote vision care and share information on eye health and safety in an effort to eliminate preventable blindness throughout Texas. For more information or to make a contribution to their cause, visit their Official Website or call 1-888-98-SIGHT.

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