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Certain eye problems cannot be avoided. These issues, whether they be visual acuity problems or diseases, occur due to genetics, aging or as symptoms of other conditions. There are, however, a few things you can do (or avoid doing) to protect your vision.
Here are 7 habits you may be doing that can negatively impact your vision and eye health.
#1 Not Getting Enough Shut Eye
Sleep Deprivation causes puffy, bloodshot eyes and dark circles. A lack of sleep can also cause blurry vision, dry eyes and involuntary eye twitching.
#2 Letting Yourself Get Dehydrated
When you do not drink enough water or eat too much salt in your diet, your tear ducts will not be able to produce enough tears to lubricate the surface of your eyes, leading to redness, puffiness, burning and itching.
#3 Eating an Unbalanced Diet
Optimum eye health requires balanced nutrition. If you don’t eat enough fruits, vegetables and healthy fats, then your eyes won’t have the vitamins, minerals and fatty acids they need to function properly.
Smoking harms every organ inside your body, including your eyes. Did you know smokers are four times more likely than non-smokers to go blind? Research has directly linked the habit to an increased risk of vision-threatening eye conditions including macular degeneration, diabetic retinopathy, uveitis, cataracts and dry eye. Quitting at any age could save your ability to see.
#5 Rubbing Your Eyes
Rubbing easily damages the delicate skin around your eyes, breaking blood vessels and causing both dark circles and wrinkles. Rubbing can also lead to a condition called keratoconus, which results in a bulging cornea and blurred vision.
#6 Forgetting to Wear Sunglasses
You can’t rub sunscreen on your eyes. So, without sunglasses, your eyes are in danger of being damaged by the sun’s harmful ultraviolet (UV) rays – just like the rest of your skin. Wear polarized sunglasses with 100% UV protection to protect your eyes from sunburn, cancer, cataracts, eye growths and macular degeneration.
#7 Skipping Your Annual Eye Exam
Most vision-threatening eye diseases do not present symptoms early on. As a result, individuals who do not regularly see an eye doctor typically do not receive a diagnosis until they experience symptoms, which do not occur until the condition has progressed too far to be reversed or effectively treated.